The Bollinger vineyard estate is the foremost guarantee of the quality and consistency of the House's wines.
With 152 hectares (375 acres) of vineyards situated in the best villages, Bollinger is one of very few Champagne Houses to supply two thirds of its own grape requirements. The remainder is assured by long term contracts with growers who supply Bollinger with grapes or grape must.
The House of Bollinger selected a limited number of villages: about thirty situated in the heart of the Champagne area, in the grands crus and premiers crus. The Bollinger style is derived from Pinot Noir grapes. These are grown in the very best crus, particularly in the most famous of these, the grands crus of Ay, Bouzy and Verzenay.
Primary fermentation reveals the character and style of each individual cru. After the grapes have been crushed, Bollinger retains only the best juice from the first pressing, known as cuveacutee. The taille, which is produced by the second pressing, is sold off. If, however, the harvest is excellent, the House of Bollinger will keep the taille from the Chardonnay.